Post-Divorce Health Coverage: Whatever happened to the Qualified Medical Child Support Order?
In a recent case, the parties were having problems with the flow of medical benefits, paper, information and cash. As they discussed remedies, it occurred to me "What about a "QMSCO"? I hesitated to raise it, concerned that the lawyers involved just might not have ever heard of one. I was fairly certain neither had ever used one of these obscure federal instruments. I was right on the second point.
The Qualified Medical Child Support Order was created by Congress in a 1993 amendment to ERISA. It established the obligation of employment based retirement plans to extend medical insurance coverage to dependent children of participant employees as a matter of federal law. While this basic policy was not new to Massachusetts, some of the structural aspects of the law were new here.
For example, with a QMSCO in place a medical insurance carrier can be required to recognize the rights of an alternate payee. In other words, if a state divorce judgment requires that coverage extend to children after divorce, it shall be so as a matter of federal law, too. Then, to the extent that the state judgment vests responsibility children in a non-employee spouse, that spouse may then stand in for the employee as the beneficiary for logistical purposes. That is, the custodial parent becomes the recipient of claim forms, notice of benefit changes, application for benefits for a child and the recipient of any insurance reimbursements.
The effect of a QMSCO is to cut out the employee as conduit of paperwork and cash if the parties agree and/or the state court so orders. Efficiency and reduced need for interaction between ex-spouses seems the result. Gone, too, are the frustrations of medical carriers who refuse to speak with inquiring parents, saying that they will only speak to the employee.
We can count the number of QMSCO's that we have seen as lawyers, judge and divorce mediators on one of our hands. We wonder why?
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